MEXICO CITY — The Mexican authorities mentioned on Thursday that it was working to reverse an order from Gov. Greg Abbott of Texas to limit pure fuel exports, a part of that state’s effort to resolve widespread energy outages which have left tens of millions of Texans with out electrical energy in the course of a lethal winter storm.
Mr. Abbott’s order has heightened tensions between the 2 international locations, with high Mexican officers protesting the governor’s determination to chop off fuel provides simply as Mexico works to resolve its personal mass energy outages because of the frigid climate.
“We’re doing our diplomatic work in order that this doesn’t occur,” President Andrés Manuel López Obrador of Mexico mentioned at a information convention on Thursday, referring to Mr. Abbott’s order. “This wouldn’t simply have an effect on Mexico — it might additionally have an effect on different states within the Union.”
Governor Abbott on Wednesday ordered Texas producers who have been exporting pure fuel out of state to as a substitute promote to in-state energy turbines till Feb. 21.
The fallout south of the border from Mr. Abbott’s measure underscored the extent to which Mexico depends on the US for a lot of its energy, whilst Mr. López Obrador pushes for larger Mexican power sovereignty.
Fuel-fired vegetation generate about two-thirds of Mexico’s energy. In 2019, 96 p.c of pure fuel imports have been from the US, in keeping with the U.S. Power Info Administration.
The arctic climate in Texas froze natural-gas pipelines between the 2 international locations, in keeping with Mexican power officers, which, coupled with a surge in demand for fuel in the US, disrupted power manufacturing throughout northern Mexico and left nearly 5 million prospects in Mexico with out energy earlier this week.
The mass outages affected not simply non-public houses but in addition business, with main producers like Normal Motors and Volkswagen compelled to halt operations, resulting in an estimated $2.7 billion in losses, in keeping with Reuters.
On Thursday, Mexico’s state power firm, the Federal Electrical energy Fee, or C.F.E., mentioned it had restored energy to all customers by producing power from different sources, together with hydroelectric and coal-fired vegetation.
This newest outage comes on the heels of 1 in December that briefly left about 10 million individuals with out electrical energy.
Authorities in Mexico have been fast to shift the blame for this week’s outage to the nation’s northern neighbor, with Mr. López Obrador hitting again at critics of the state power firm.
“Though the issue originates in the US, in Texas to be exact, all of the criticism is towards the Federal Electrical energy Fee, towards the federal government of Mexico,” the president mentioned on Thursday.
Mexico’s financial system minister, Tatiana Clouthier, said on Twitter that she had spoken to Roberta Jacobson, a high Biden administration aide for the Southwestern border, concerning the problems confronting each Mexico and the US due to the “emergency scenario dealing with Texas” and mentioned each international locations have been in search of “instant options.”
Power specialists mentioned the newest energy blackout will add ammunition to Mr. López Obrador’s push to overtake the power sector and assure Mexican power independence, irrespective of the fee to customers or traders.
“Proper now it’s simple to level to Texas, to the US, to the dependence on fuel imports,” mentioned Adrián Garza Patiño, a senior analyst at Moody’s, the ranking company. “And much more so with the response from the federal government of Texas itself.”
Mr. López Obrador, who has made rebuilding each the C.F.E. and the state oil firm, Pemex, a central pillar of his political and financial agenda, despatched a invoice to Congress this month that might quash competitors from non-public renewable power vegetation by making state-owned vegetation, a lot of which run on fossil fuels, first in line to produce the nation’s energy.
The proposal has been met with an outcry by enterprise teams and environmentalists alike, with the adjustments prone to considerably set again Mexico’s dedication to lowering emissions by privileging coal- and oil-powered vegetation over privately funded renewables.
Mr. López Obrador’s political occasion, Morena, has a majority in each homes of Congress, however the invoice’s future stays unsure. On Monday, Mexico’s antitrust watchdog urged legislators to not approve the proposal, saying the reforms would severely stifle competitors.
Later within the week, the finance committee within the Chamber of Deputies, the decrease home, mentioned the reforms might spark electrical energy value hikes and risked violating Mexican obligations beneath the U.S.-Mexico-Canada commerce settlement, native media reported.
Even when the invoice fails to achieve traction, Mr. López Obrador’s push to dismantle power adjustments that opened up the nation to personal funding throughout the earlier administration might have an enduring influence on Mexico’s financial system, analysts mentioned.
“The non-public sector and overseas traders are involved by the situations for funding, or the authorized uncertainty in Mexico,” Mr. Garza mentioned. “Buyers are pondering of leaving the nation, or to at the very least cease investing any additional, which is a important aspect for financial development.”