Chad Kalepa Baybayan, a revered Hawaiian seafarer who was a torchbearer for the artwork of “wayfinding,” which ancestral Polynesian sailors used to navigate the Pacific Ocean by finding out the celebrities, commerce winds and flight patterns of birds, died on April 8 at a good friend’s dwelling in Seattle. He was 64.
His daughter Kala Tanaka stated the trigger was a coronary heart assault. He suffered from diabetes and had had a quadruple bypass over a yr in the past.
Many centuries in the past, oceanic tribes sailed the waters between the islands and atolls of Polynesia in double-hulled canoes. They plotted their course by consulting the instructions hid inside sunrises and sunsets, ocean swells, the behaviors of fish and the reflections of land in clouds. As Polynesia was colonized and modernized, the secrets and techniques of celestial navigation had been practically forgotten.
Mr. Baybayan grew to become a face of a cultural motion to protect these previous methods, and a tireless educator who taught the science of wayfinding in school rooms and auditoriums throughout the nation.
Mr. Baybayan (pronounced “bay-BAY-an”) was a youngster when he joined the crew of the fabled Hokule’a (“Star of Gladness”), a voyaging canoe during which he realized to grow to be a wayfinder beneath the tutelage of the Micronesian grasp navigator Mau Piailug.
On the time, conventional Hawaiian tradition was in peril. Utilization of the native language was declining, sacred lands had been being desecrated and fewer ceremonies had been being held. In 1973 the Polynesian Voyaging Society was fashioned in hopes of preserving the area’s seafaring heritage, and it constructed Hokule’a, a duplicate of an historical deep-sea voyaging canoe.
In 1976, the vessel launched into a historic journey from Hawaii to Tahiti with out the help of navigational instruments, in what was meant as a show of wayfinding’s technical sophistication. The journey, which was led by Mr. Piailug and documented by Nationwide Geographic, additionally sought to disprove theories that Polynesia was settled unintentionally by hapless sailors misplaced in an aimless drift. (Mr. Baybayan was too younger to go on that well-known voyage, though he served ceremonial drinks produced from awa root to his crewmates earlier than their departure.)
When Hokule’a lastly made landfall in Tahiti, hundreds of individuals had gathered on shore to greet the canoe, and the event was declared an island-wide celebration. The voyage’s success galvanized a revival of native tradition, referred to as the Hawaiian renaissance, that included a celebration of slack-key guitar music and the hula.
Starting within the late Nineteen Seventies, Mr. Baybayan sailed on Hokule’a for greater than 40 years, rising to the rank of captain and grasp navigator — although, he informed Nationwide Geographic in 2014, “I’ll by no means be a ‘grasp’ as a result of there’ll at all times be extra to be taught.”
“What it actually does is sharpen the human thoughts, mind and talent to decipher codes within the surroundings,” he added. “It’s additionally extremely rewarding to navigate and make a distant landfall. For me, it’s essentially the most euphoric feeling that I’ve ever felt.”
In 2007, Mr. Baybayan was initiated by Mr. Piailug, who was then 75, into an elite class of wayfinders referred to as Pwo. The ritual commenced with the blowing of a conch shell, and Mr. Baybayan was given a bracelet of stinging coral to mark his new standing. In 2014, he helped lead Hokule’a on a three-year circumnavigation of the globe.
In his late 30s, whereas elevating a household and juggling jobs as a lodge porter and a ramp agent for United Airways, Mr. Baybayan determined to pursue a better schooling. He graduated with a B.A. in Hawaiian research from the College of Hawaii at Hilo in 1997. He then earned a grasp’s diploma in schooling from Heritage College in Toppenish, Wash.
Mr. Baybayan grew to become an educator on the ‘Imiloa Astronomy Heart, utilizing its planetarium to show guests about celestial navigation. He additionally traveled to school rooms throughout the nation to speak about wayfinding with the help of an interactive star compass ground mat. In 2013, he gave a TEDx Discuss that recounted the historical past of Hokule’a.
“There are only some individuals on the planet who can actually navigate correctly, and Kalepa was one in every of them,” Nainoa Thompson, a fellow Hokule’a grasp navigator, stated in a telephone interview. “However the place Kalepa separates himself is how far he took issues with schooling. He broke the foundations.
“Conventional navigation colleges,” Mr. Thompson continued, “have at all times been extremely protecting of the data. There are 4,000-year-old navigation colleges in Micronesia that also gained’t educate their strategies to outsiders. Historical past will say that Kalepa was the one who stopped the extinction of the good navigators as a result of he shared our data with the world.”
Chad Kalepa Baybayan was born in Honolulu on Aug. 15, 1956, and was raised in Lahaina, Maui. His father, Llewellyn, was a laborer and postal employee. His mom, Lillian (Kalepa) Baybayan, was a homemaker. As a boy, he went spearfishing with a grandfather and his household ate their recent catches for dinner, served with poi.
In highschool, Chad performed basketball and soccer and was on the wrestling staff. In 1975, when Hokule’a docked on the shore of his seaside city, he felt one thing stir inside him.
“It simply grabbed my coronary heart,” he stated in an interview in 2000. “I knew that if there was something in my life that I needed to do it was sail on her.”
His daughter elaborated: “For him, seeing Hokule’a was like seeing this factor he’d solely heard about in tales and historical past books, however then there it was and it was actual. It wasn’t only a story anymore.”
When Mr. Baybayan first joined the crew, he was charged with duties like washing and scrubbing the vessel. He started studying the strategies of wayfinding in his 20s, and he went on to information voyages that took the canoe to Cape City, Nova Scotia, Cuba and New York.
Mr. Baybayan’s progressive strategy to preserving custom generally made him a polarizing determine in his Native Hawaiian group.
He was an ardent supporter of the development of a $1.4 billion telescope on the dormant volcano Mauna Kea, a sacred web site thought-about the resting place of gods. Referred to as the Thirty Meter Telescope, it’s anticipated to be some of the highly effective telescopes ever made, however activists have protested its development for years.
“I’ve heard the remark that the protesters need to be on the suitable aspect of historical past,” Mr. Baybayan informed The Related Press in 2019. “I need to be on the suitable aspect of humanity. I need to be on the suitable aspect of enlightenment.”
Along with his daughter Kala, Mr. Baybayan is survived by his spouse, Audrey (Kaide) Baybayan; one other daughter, Pukanala Llanes; a son, Aukai Baybayan; his mom, Lillian Suter; two brothers, Clayton and Lyle Baybayan; a sister, Lisa Baybayan, who now goes by Sister Ann Marie; a half brother, Theodore Suter; and 6 grandchildren.
Final month, Mr. Baybayan was in Seattle along with his spouse to go to a few of his grandchildren when he collapsed all of a sudden one night.
The evening after he died, a gaggle of his crewmates, together with Mr. Thompson, gathered aboard Hokule’a for a moonlight passage in his reminiscence. Mr. Thompson, who had studied celestial navigation alongside Mr. Baybayan as a younger man, seemed towards the celebrities as he honored his fellow wayfinder.
“I believe Kalepa has gone to the place the spirits go,” Mr. Thompson stated. “Now he’s up there with our ancestors who dwell within the black of the evening.”