Covid-19 Information: Stay Updates – The New York Instances

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A memorial in Washington in January for the 400,000 lives lost to the coronavirus in the United States.  President Biden has said that the memorial will not be the country’s last.
Credit score…Todd Heisler/The New York Instances

America reached a staggering milestone on Monday, surpassing 500,000 recognized coronavirus-related deaths in a pandemic that has lasted nearly a 12 months. The nation’s whole virus toll is larger than in another nation on this planet. It has far surpassed early predictions of loss by some federal consultants. And it signifies that extra Individuals have died from Covid-19 than did on the battlefields of World Battle I, World Battle II and the Vietnam Battle mixed.

“The magnitude of it’s simply horrifying,” stated Jeffrey Shaman, a professor of environmental well being sciences at Columbia College who has modeled the virus’s unfold and says that the size of loss was not inevitable, however a results of the failure to regulate the virus’s unfold in the US.

America accounts for about 20 % of the world’s recognized coronavirus-related deaths, however makes up simply 4.25 % of the worldwide inhabitants.

About one in 670 Individuals has died of Covid-19, which has change into a number one reason for loss of life within the nation, together with coronary heart illness and most cancers, and has pushed down life expectancy extra sharply than in a long time. The losses have been searingly private for the kinfolk and buddies of the five hundred,000.

“It by no means goes away,” the Rev. Ezra Jones of Chicago stated of his grief for his uncle, Moses Jones, who died of the coronavirus in April.

The harrowing milestone comes amid hopeful information: New virus circumstances and deaths have slowed dramatically, and vaccine distribution has step by step picked up tempo. However uncertainty stays about rising virus variants, some extra contagious and presumably extra deadly, so it might be months earlier than the pandemic is contained. Scientists say the trajectory of the U.S. loss of life toll will rely upon the pace of vaccinations, the results of the variants and the way intently individuals stick with pointers like mask-wearing and social distancing.

Final March, within the early days of the pandemic, Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the nation’s prime infectious illness knowledgeable, and Dr. Deborah L. Birx, the official coordinating the coronavirus response on the time, projected that even with strict stay-at-home orders, the virus may kill as many as 240,000 Individuals — a quantity that appeared unimaginable on the time.

“As sobering a quantity as that’s, we ought to be ready for it,” Dr. Fauci stated on the time.

Lower than a 12 months later, the virus has killed greater than twice that quantity.

U.S. deaths from Covid-19 got here sooner because the pandemic wore on. The nation’s first recognized Covid-19 loss of life occurred in Santa Clara County, Calif., on Feb. 6, 2020, and by the tip of Could, 100,000 individuals had died. It took 4 months for the nation to log one other 100,000 deaths; the subsequent, about three months; the subsequent, simply 5 weeks.

The virus has reached each nook of America, devastating dense cities and rural counties alike via surges that barreled via one area after which one other.

In New York Metropolis, greater than 28,000 individuals have died of the virus — or roughly one in 295 individuals. In Los Angeles County, the toll is about one in 500 individuals. In Lamb County, Texas, the place 13,000 individuals reside scattered on a sprawling expanse of 1,000 sq. miles, the loss is one in 163 individuals.

The virus has torn via nursing houses and different long-term care services, spreading simply amongst susceptible residents: They account for greater than 163,000 deaths, about one-third of the nation’s whole.

Virus deaths even have disproportionately affected Individuals alongside racial traces. Over all, the loss of life price for Black Individuals with Covid-19 has been nearly two instances larger than for white Individuals, in response to the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention; the loss of life price for Hispanics was 2.3 instances larger than for white Individuals. And for Native Individuals, it was 2.4 instances larger.

By Monday, about 1,900 Covid deaths have been being reported, on common, most days — down from greater than 3,300 at peak factors in January. The slowing got here as a reduction, however scientists stated variants made it troublesome to mission the way forward for the pandemic, and historians cautioned towards turning away from the size of the nation’s losses.

“There can be an actual drive to say, ‘Look how nicely we’re doing,’” stated Nancy Bristow, chair of the historical past division on the College of Puget Sound in Tacoma, Wash., and writer of “American Pandemic: The Misplaced Worlds of the 1918 Influenza Epidemic.” However she warned towards inclinations now to “rewrite this story into one other story of American triumph.”

United States › United StatesOn Feb. 22 14-day change
New circumstances 59,462 –40%
New deaths 1,454 –28%

World › WorldOn Feb. 22 14-day change
New cases 287,166 –19%
New deaths 6,753 –25%

U.S. vaccinations ›

Where states are reporting vaccines given

Assisting a coronavirus patient in Galicia, Spain, last week. New cases have declined to half their peak globally, but in Spain, hospitalizations are higher than ever.
Credit…Brais Lorenzo/EPA, via Shutterstock

A month ago, the pandemic looked especially bleak. More than 750,000 coronavirus cases were tallied worldwide in a single day. Infections surged across the entire United States. New variants identified in Brazil, Britain and South Africa threatened the rest of the world.

But the past month has brought a surprisingly fast, if partial, turnaround. New cases have declined to half their peak globally, driven largely by steady improvements in some of the same places that weathered devastating outbreaks this winter.

Cases are an imperfect measure, and uneven records and testing mask the scope of outbreaks, especially in parts of Africa, Latin America and South Asia. But fewer patients are showing up at hospitals in many countries with the highest rates of infection, giving experts confidence that the decline is real.

The lull in many of the world’s worst outbreaks creates a critical opportunity to keep the virus in retreat as vaccinations begin to take effect. Experts believe vaccines have done little to slow most outbreaks so far, but a small group of countries, primarily wealthy ones, plan to vaccinate vulnerable groups by the spring.

The positive signs come with a number of caveats and risks.

Many countries are still struggling. Brazil has a serious resurgence in the face of a new variant discovered in the country. Hospitalizations in Spain are higher than they have ever been, even though official tallies show a decline in new cases. And in a number of European countries — the Czech Republic, Estonia and Slovakia — the infection rate is worsening.

More contagious variants — or lapses in social distancing and other control measures — could still bring new spikes in infections. A variant first identified in Britain is spreading rapidly in the United States, and it has been implicated in surges in Ireland, Portugal and Jordan.

And while most countries have seen declines in cases over the past month, the total global reduction has been driven largely by just six countries with enormous epidemics.

A subway train in Manhattan on Monday. New York and New Jersey are adding cases at rates higher than every state except South Carolina.
Credit…Jeenah Moon for The New York Times

As coronavirus cases decline across the United States, the East Coast has emerged as a lingering hot spot — at least in relative terms.

Eight of the 10 states with the highest rates of recent cases border the Atlantic Ocean. New York and New Jersey are adding cases at rates higher than every state except South Carolina, with Rhode Island close behind. Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Hampshire are all in the top 15.

“It’s whack-a-mole,” said Leana Wen, an emergency physician and public health professor at George Washington University. “One part of the country sees a surge, and then another, and then it declines.” Several months ago, the Upper Midwest was outpacing other regions in new infections. Before that, the Sunbelt surged.

Those waves of regional outbreaks could help explain why the East Coast is struggling compared with other parts of the country, said Ashish K. Jha, the dean of the Brown University School of Public Health. Although the Upper Midwest has similarly frosty winters — keeping people indoors, where the virus can spread more easily — that region’s previous outbreak meant it achieved “not quite herd immunity but pretty close,” said Dr. Jha, “unfortunately in all the wrong ways.”

Even the states seeing the most new cases are seeing steady improvement, however. Over the last two weeks, New York has seen a 14 percent decline in new cases and a 24 percent decline in coronavirus-related deaths. South Carolina’s declines are even more dramatic.

The number of Americans hospitalized for Covid-19 is at its lowest since early November, according to data from the Covid Tracking Project. Globally, new cases have plummeted to half their peak.

“We’re moving in the right direction, just not as fast as other places,” said Simone Wildes, an infectious disease expert at South Short Health in Weymouth, Mass., referring to the East Coast. She wondered if the regional lag could be attributed in part to lower vaccination rates among Black Americans, with high populations in East Coast urban centers. “As more vaccines become available, we want to make sure this particular group gets all the information they need,” she said.

A Trump rally in Freeland, Mich., in September.
Credit…Doug Mills/The New York Times

State lawmakers across the country, most of them Republicans, are moving aggressively to strip the powers of governors, often Democrats, who have taken on extraordinary authority to limit the spread of the coronavirus for nearly a year.

In a kind of rear-guard action, legislatures in more than 30 states are trying to restrict the power of governors to act unilaterally under extended emergencies that have traditionally been declared in brief bursts after floods, tornadoes or similar disasters. Republicans are seeking to harness the widespread fatigue of many Americans toward closed schools, limits on gatherings and mask mandates as a political cudgel to wield against Democrats.

Lawmakers frame the issue as one of checks and balances, arguing that governors gained too much authority over too many aspects of people’s lives. These legislators are demanding a say in how long an emergency can last, and insisting that they be consulted on far-reaching orders like closing schools and businesses.

But governors respond that a pandemic cannot be fought by committee. They say that the same Republicans who politicized the science of the pandemic last year, following former President Donald J. Trump in waging a new battle in the culture wars, should not be trusted with public health.

Last April, when governors in all 50 states declared disaster emergencies for the first time in the country’s history, support for their initial stay-at-home orders to slow the virus’s spread was generally bipartisan.

But that soon evaporated as Mr. Trump, obsessed about the economy in an election year, played down the virus. Supporters echoed his dismissal of health experts and defied governors who filled the federal leadership vacuum to manage the pandemic — especially Democratic governors whom the president took to insulting, issuing cries to “liberate” states like Michigan.

Across the country, lawmakers in 37 states have introduced more than 200 bills or resolutions this year to clip the emergency powers of governors, according to the lobbying firm Stateside, which focuses on state governments.

Parade grounds in Washington in October, with white flags representing the number of people who have died from Covid-19 in the United States.
Credit…Stefani Reynolds for The New York Times

The enormous scale of illness and death wrought by the coronavirus is traced in figures that have grown so far beyond the familiar yardsticks of daily life that they can sometimes be difficult to get a handle on.

The news on Monday that the United States had recorded 500,000 Covid-19-related deaths in just a year is just the latest example.

One way to put that in context is to compare it to other major causes of death in 2019, the year before the pandemic took hold in the country.

  • Three times the number of people who died in the U.S. in any kind of accident, including highway accidents, in 2019 (167,127).

  • More than eight times the number of deaths from influenza and pneumonia (59,120).

  • More than 10 times the number of suicides (48,344).

  • More than the number of deaths from strokes, diabetes, kidney disease, Alzheimer’s and related causes, combined (406,161).

  • Only heart disease (655,381) and cancer (599,274) caused more deaths.

When full data for 2020 is available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Covid-19 will certainly be one of the leading killers. But trying to project where it will rank may be complicated. A very large share of deaths from Covid-19 have been people who were medically vulnerable because of other significant health problems like cancer, lung or heart disease. Some number of them would probably have succumbed to those causes, and been counted in those categories, if their deaths had not been hastened by Covid-19.

If confirmed, Xavier Becerra, the California attorney general, would be the first Latino to serve as secretary of the federal Department of Health and Human Services.
Credit…Jim Wilson/The New York Times

President Biden’s nominee for health secretary, Xavier Becerra, will appear before a Senate committee Tuesday morning, where he is expected to face tough questions from Republicans who are trying to paint him as an extremist and to use his confirmation as a political cudgel against Democrats up for re-election in 2022.

If confirmed, he will immediately face a daunting task in leading the department at a critical moment, during a pandemic that has claimed half a million lives and taken a particularly devastating toll on people of color. He would be the first Latino to serve as secretary of the federal Department of Health and Human Services.

Mr. Becerra, a former member of Congress who is now attorney general of California, lacks direct experience as a health professional. But he took a deep interest in health policy while in Washington, and has more recently been at the forefront of legal efforts on health care, leading 20 states and the District of Columbia in a campaign to protect the Affordable Care Act from being dismantled by Republicans.

Republicans and their allies in the conservative and anti-abortion movements have seized on Mr. Becerra’s defense of the A.C.A. as well as his support for abortion rights. Senator Tom Cotton, Republican of Arkansas, took to Twitter on Monday, the place he branded Mr. Becerra an “unqualified radical” in a put up that featured a political commercial concentrating on Democrats who help Mr. Becerra’s affirmation.

“Any Senator supporting him pays a worth with voters,” Mr. Cotton wrote.

The Conservative Motion Challenge, an advocacy group, issued a press release on Monday signed by dozens of conservative leaders, together with a number of former members of Congress, complaining that Mr. Becerra had a “troubling file” with respect to “insurance policies referring to the sanctity of life, human dignity and non secular liberty.”

They cited specifically his vote towards banning “late-term abortion,” and accused him of utilizing his function as lawyer normal “to tip the scales in favor of Deliberate Parenthood,” a bunch that advocates abortion rights.

Democrats are emphasizing Mr. Becerra’s expertise main one of many nation’s largest justice departments via an particularly attempting interval. In a press release, Senator Patty Murray, who will preside over Tuesday’s listening to as chairwoman of the Senate well being committee, stated Mr. Becerra had “confirmed himself as an govt chief” and spotlighted his dedication to social justice.

“He has held corporations accountable for flouting Covid-19 security guidelines and placing employees in danger,” Ms. Murray stated. And, she added, “he has labored all through his profession to advocate on behalf of communities of shade throughout well being, immigration, schooling and extra.”

Heading into Tuesday’s listening to, Mr. Becerra has been making the rounds on Capitol Hill; as of Monday he had met with at the least 40 senators. Andrew Bates, a spokesman for the Biden transition, referred to as him a “examined, certified chief” who has “a long time of well being coverage expertise,” together with “a powerful file of combating to decrease prices for sufferers.”

Tuesday’s session would be the first of two affirmation hearings held this week by the Senate Committee on Well being, Training, Labor and Pensions. On Thursday, the panel will take into account the nominations of Dr. Vivek Murthy for surgeon normal and Dr. Rachel Levine for assistant secretary of well being.

If the Senate approves, Dr. Murthy would reprise his function as surgeon normal underneath former President Barack Obama, and Dr. Levine would change into the primary overtly transgender official to win Senate affirmation.

Rhesus macaques are the primary species of monkey that are bred at the Tulane University National Primate Research Center in Covington, La.
Credit score…Bryan Tarnowski for The New York Instances

The world wants monkeys, whose DNA intently resembles that of people, to develop Covid-19 vaccines. However a world scarcity, ensuing from the surprising demand brought on by the pandemic, has been exacerbated by a latest ban on the sale of wildlife from China, the main provider of the lab animals.

The newest scarcity has revived speak about making a strategic monkey reserve in the US, an emergency stockpile much like these maintained by the federal government for oil and grain.

As new variants of the coronavirus threaten to make the present batch of vaccines out of date, scientists are racing to seek out new sources of monkeys, and the US is reassessing its reliance on China, a rival with its personal biotech ambitions.

The pandemic has underscored how a lot China controls the provision of lifesaving items, together with masks and medicines, that the US wants in a disaster.

American scientists have searched personal and government-funded services in Southeast Asia in addition to Mauritius, a tiny island nation off southeast Africa, for shares of their most well-liked check topics, rhesus macaques and cynomolgus macaques, also referred to as long-tailed macaques.

However no nation could make up for what China beforehand provided. Earlier than the pandemic, China supplied over 60 % of the 33,818 primates, largely cynomolgus macaques, imported into the US in 2019, in response to analyst estimates primarily based on knowledge from the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention.

America has about 22,000 lab monkeys — predominantly pink-faced rhesus macaques — at its seven primate facilities. About 600 to 800 of these animals have been topic to coronavirus analysis because the pandemic started.

Scientists say monkeys are the best specimens for researching coronavirus vaccines earlier than they’re examined on people. The primates share greater than 90 % of our DNA, and their related biology means they are often examined with nasal swabs and have their lungs scanned. Scientists say it’s nearly not possible to discover a substitute to check Covid-19 vaccines in, though medication akin to dexamethasone, the steroid that was used to deal with former President Donald J. Trump, have been examined in hamsters.

America as soon as relied on India to produce rhesus macaques. However in 1978, India halted its exports after Indian information shops reported that the monkeys have been being utilized in army testing in the US. Pharmaceutical corporations looked for an alternate, and finally landed on China.

However the pandemic upset what had been a decades-long relationship between American scientists and Chinese language suppliers.

The I.C.U. at Marian Regional Medical Center in Santa Maria, Calif., this month. Almost three-quarters of the nation’s I.C.U. beds were occupied over the week ending Feb. 18.
Credit score…Daniel Dreifuss for The New York Instances

Over the previous 12 months, hospital intensive care items have been overrun with critically in poor health Covid-19 sufferers, who develop extreme pneumonia and different organ dysfunction. At instances, the inflow of coronavirus circumstances overwhelmed the sources within the items and the complexity of the care these sufferers required.

An interactive graphic by The New York Instances explores how coronavirus surges affected I.C.U.s and their specialty medical employees.

New circumstances in the US have fallen since their peak in early January, however nearly three-quarters of the nation’s I.C.U. beds have been occupied over the week ending Feb. 18.

The nationwide common for grownup I.C.U. occupancy was 67 % in 2010, in response to the Society of Important Care Medication, although this quantity and all hospitalization figures range relying on the place, time of 12 months and dimension of hospital.

When the coronavirus rips via a group, I.C.U.s refill. Hospitals have been compelled to improvise, increasing capability by creating I.C.U.s in areas usually used for different functions, like cardiac or neurological care, and even hallways or spare rooms.

Elective surgical procedures usually get placed on maintain to maintain beds accessible, and early within the pandemic, hospitals noticed large drops in individuals admitted for any purpose apart from Covid-19. I.C.U. employees members, no matter specialty, usually spent most or all of their time on Covid sufferers.

“We’re all exhausted,” stated Dr. Nida Qadir, the co-director of the medical intensive care unit at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Middle. “We’ve needed to flex up fairly a bit.”

Atletico Madrid training in Bucharest, Romania, on Monday.
Credit score…Octav Ganea/Inquam Photograph, through Reuters

Two European soccer giants, Atlético Madrid and Chelsea, will meet within the Champions League on Tuesday. The location of this a lot anticipated recreation? Bucharest, Romania.

On Wednesday, Manchester Metropolis will play the German workforce Borussia Mönchengladbach. That recreation can be in Budapest, the Hungarian capital, the place the English champion Liverpool beat Germany’s RB Leipzig final week.

Within the Europa League, the continent’s second-tier membership championship, impartial websites are actually nearly as widespread as house video games. Final week, Spanish and English groups performed in Italy, and groups from Norway and Germany met in Spain. On Thursday, every week after the London membership Arsenal performed to a draw towards Portugal’s Benfica in Rome, the groups are set to satisfy once more within the second leg of their not-home-and-home tie close to Athens.

The pandemic has wreaked havoc with worldwide sports activities schedules for a 12 months, and that chaos continues to have an effect on soccer’s greatest membership tournaments. The explanations — authorities edicts, journey restrictions and quarantine guidelines — range round Europe. In some nations, groups are nonetheless allowed to journey to and from their opponents’ stadiums with out challenge. In others, nations have blocked guests from complete nations, or drawn up onerous guidelines that make such journey impractical in a soccer season when groups usually play two or three video games every week.

UEFA, the European soccer governing physique that runs the competitions, has determined that if restrictions adversely have an effect on any recreation, it will likely be performed at a impartial web site the place journey is permitted. However the determination to play knockout video games in locations seemingly chosen at random has led to confusion, and never just a little grumbling.

A memorial for victims of the coronavirus in Casalpusterlengo, Italy.
Credit score…Isabella de Maddalena for The New York Instances

On Sunday afternoon, a number of hundred individuals gathered within the small city of Codogno, about 35 miles south of Milan.

The group, together with native dignitaries, military veterans and hospital employees, was assembly for the revealing of a small backyard, that includes a quince tree and a sculpture with three metal columns. Inscribed on a platform under the columns have been the phrases “Resilience,” “Group” and “Restart.”

The backyard is considered one of Italy’s first memorials to those that have died after contracting the coronavirus, and it was devoted on the anniversary of the day information broke {that a} 38-year-old resident of Codogno, who grew to become often called Affected person One, had the virus. That man was Italy’s first recognized case of native transmission. The following day, the police sealed the city, and nobody may enter or go away.

“It was horrific, absurd and unimaginable that this nightmare may unfold in Codogno,” Francesco Passerini, the city’s mayor and the driving power behind the memorial, stated in a phone interview earlier than the ceremony. “Practically everybody has misplaced somebody,” he added.

For some, it might appear too early to create a memorial to a pandemic that’s nonetheless raging. Greater than 200 individuals have been reported to have died from Covid-19 in Italy on Sunday, and the nation is in a state of emergency till at the least the tip of April, with strict journey restrictions in place.

However the memorial in Codogno and others deliberate elsewhere in Europe will not be meant as sweeping monuments to the historic second, however easy locations to grieve and mirror.

Tokyo’s business district in September. About one in five women in the city live alone.
Credit score…Noriko Hayashi for The New York Instances

Whereas the pandemic has been troublesome for a lot of in Japan, the pressures have been compounded for girls. As in lots of nations, extra ladies have misplaced their jobs. In Tokyo, the nation’s largest metropolis, about one in 5 ladies reside alone, and the exhortations to remain house and keep away from visiting kinfolk have exacerbated emotions of isolation.

Different ladies have struggled with the deep disparities within the division of house responsibilities and baby care through the work-from-home period, or suffered from will increase in home violence and sexual assault.

The rising psychological and bodily toll of the pandemic has been accompanied by a worrisome spike in suicide amongst ladies. In Japan, 6,976 ladies died by suicide final 12 months, practically 15 % greater than in 2019. It was the primary year-over-year improve in additional than a decade.

Every suicide — and suicide try — represents a person tragedy rooted in a posh constellation of causes. However the improve amongst ladies, which prolonged throughout seven straight months final 12 months, has involved authorities officers and psychological well being consultants who’ve labored to cut back what had been among the many highest charges of suicide on this planet. (Whereas extra males than ladies died by suicide final 12 months, fewer males did so than in 2019. Over all, suicides elevated barely lower than 4 %.)

The state of affairs has bolstered longstanding challenges for Japan. Speaking about psychological well being points, or searching for assist, remains to be troublesome in a society that emphasizes stoicism.

The pandemic has additionally amplified the stresses in a tradition that’s grounded in social cohesion and depends on peer stress to drive compliance with authorities requests to put on masks and observe good hygiene. Ladies, who are sometimes designated as main caregivers, at instances worry public humiliation in the event that they one way or the other fail to uphold these measures or get contaminated with the coronavirus.

In a single extensively publicized account, a 30-something lady who had been recuperating from the coronavirus at house died by suicide. The Japanese information media seized on her be aware expressing anguish over the chance that she had contaminated others and triggered them bother, whereas consultants questioned whether or not disgrace might have pushed her to despair.

Lucia DeClerck tested positive for the virus on her 105th birthday, one day after her second vaccine shot.
Credit score…Michael Neiman

Lucia DeClerck, the oldest resident of a New Jersey nursing house, discovered that she had contracted the coronavirus on her one hundred and fifth birthday, Jan. 25, the day after she had gotten her second dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, in response to Michael Neiman, the house’s administrator.

At first, she stated she was scared. She didn’t like being remoted, and he or she missed the day by day chatter from the parade of caregivers at Mystic Meadows Rehabilitation and Nursing, a 120-bed facility in Little Egg Harbor.

She confirmed few signs. And inside two weeks she was again in her room, holding her rosary beads and carrying her trademark sun shades and knit hat.

To her two surviving sons, 5 grandchildren, 12 great-grandchildren and 11 great-great grandchildren, who name her Grandma Lucia, she has a brand new moniker: “The 105-year-old badass who kicked Covid.”

On Monday, she acquired a shout-out from Gov. Philip D. Murphy, who described a cellphone name together with her throughout a coronavirus information briefing. “What an uplifting dialog,” the governor stated.

Ms. DeClerck’s household gathered in January 2020 at Mystic Meadows to rejoice her 104th birthday earlier than the onset of the pandemic. Once they discovered that she had contracted the virus, they braced for the worst.

Ms. DeClerck is considered one of 62 residents of Mystic Meadows to have contracted the virus; 4 sufferers died, together with three who have been receiving hospice care.

In January, residents have been being examined twice every week, and a speedy check within the final week of the month confirmed that Ms. DeClerck had contracted the virus.

She had additionally been vaccinated, which most probably contributed to her restoration. The primary research of Britain’s mass inoculation program confirmed sturdy proof on Monday that even one dose of vaccine might help slash coronavirus-related hospitalizations.

Ms. DeClerck shouldn’t be the oldest particular person to beat the virus.

Europe’s oldest recognized resident, Sister André, contracted the virus at 116. She celebrated her 117th birthday with a glass of Champagne this month at a nursing house in Toulon, France.

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