When Johnson & Johnson’s coronavirus vaccine gained emergency use authorization on Saturday from the Meals and Drug Administration, the transfer augmented the nation’s vaccination effort with a 3rd main instrument — one which differs markedly from the primary two approved vaccines, made by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna.
Most notably, it’s administered in a single dose as a substitute of two, and could be saved unfrozen in an odd fridge for as much as three months — options that promise higher flexibility as public well being officers attempt to immunize People as rapidly as attainable.
A lot remains to be to be decided about how this new instrument shall be used. Here’s what we all know to this point.
When will folks begin getting the brand new vaccine?
Throughout the subsequent few days. Johnson & Johnson began delivery out doses on Monday, and so they can be utilized as quickly as they attain vaccination websites beginning on Tuesday.
Will including the brand new provide velocity up vaccination efforts?
At first, the rise in availability shall be restricted. The corporate had about 3.9 million doses available to ship immediately, however after that, deliveries could possibly be patchy for a number of weeks. (For comparability, the nation is utilizing up that many doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines in a bit greater than two days.)
By the tip of March, Johnson & Johnson says it’ll ship roughly 16 million extra doses. Even so, the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines will proceed to make up nearly all of the nation’s provide.
How is the brand new vaccine being allotted?
The identical manner the 2 earlier vaccines are: in proportion to every state or territory’s inhabitants.
Who will get the brand new vaccine?
That’s nonetheless below dialogue. The Facilities for Ailments Management and Prevention has mentioned that the vaccine could be given to folks 18 and over, and state officers are figuring out what their insurance policies shall be.
As a result of the brand new vaccine is given in a single shot and doesn’t require chilly storage, some specialists and officers have recommended directing it towards hard-to-reach segments of the inhabitants (like rural residents or the homeless), or to individuals who may not preserve an appointment for a second shot (like school college students or these with mobility points).
However there may be concern about showing to favor or disfavor some teams, and the Biden administration has mentioned it will insist that the brand new vaccine be distributed equitably.
Will I have the ability to select which vaccine I obtain?
That’s not clear. Proper now, persons are getting whichever vaccine the location has available when their flip comes, and appointment scheduling methods typically don’t inform customers beforehand which it is going to be. Relying on how states determine to deploy the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, although, it might be attainable to successfully select what you get by selecting the place you signal as much as get it.
Which vaccine ought to I choose?
Well being specialists say one of the best shot is the one you will get the soonest, whichever one it seems to be. All three approved vaccines are extremely protecting, and the variations amongst them pale as compared, they are saying, with the danger you’d run by being choosy and passing up an opportunity to get a shot as a result of it was not your best choice.