UR, Iraq — First Pope Francis confirmed up on the modest residence of Iraq’s most reclusive, and highly effective, Shiite spiritual cleric for a fragile and painstakingly negotiated summit. Hours later, he presided over a stage crowded with spiritual leaders on the windswept Plain of Ur, an unlimited and, now arid, expanse the place the trustworthy consider God revealed himself to the Prophet Abraham, the patriarch of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim faiths.
In settings each intimate and theatrical, in gestures each concrete and symbolic, Pope Francis on Saturday sought to guard his persecuted flock by forging nearer bonds between the Roman Catholic Church and the Muslim world, a mission that could be a central theme of his papacy and of his historic journey to Iraq.
By assembly with Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani within the holy metropolis of Najaf, Francis threaded a political needle, looking for an alliance with a very influential Shiite cleric who, not like his Iranian counterparts, believes that faith shouldn’t govern the state.
In Ur, his speech, inside view of a 4,000-year-old mud brick ziggurat with a temple devoted to a moon god, added biblical and emotional resonance to the day.
The conferences, the church’s high officers mentioned, had been two elements of the identical piece.
“In fact they go collectively,” Pietro Parolin, the Vatican’s secretary of state, and second highest-ranking official after the pope, mentioned in a short interview.
“There’s a direct hyperlink with what is going on right here,” he mentioned, gesturing on the stage in Ur, “and the assembly with al-Sistani.”
Cardinal Parolin spoke as he completed a tour of the construction of what the trustworthy consider was Abraham’s dwelling. Former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein had it reconstructed with new brick partitions and arches.
As he moved to the stage, Francis, rode in from an airport within the provincial capital, Nasiriya, a middle of ongoing antigovernment protests, previous miles of blast partitions, Iraqi and Vatican flags hung from barbed wire fences, and pickups loaded with troopers and mounted machine weapons. He arrived to the stage surrounded by AstroTurf and pink carpets, a unexpectedly assembled vibrant spot within the desert plain, and climbed to a stage.
“This blessed place brings us again to our origins,” Francis mentioned, including. “We appear to have returned dwelling.”
Elders from a few of Iraq’s disappearing spiritual minorities surrounded him, some talking of their hardships.
“I’m an Iraqi Sabean Mandean who’ve witnessed my youngsters, brothers, all kinfolk fleeing away,” mentioned Rafah Alhilali, whose monotheistic religion shares some parts with Christianity and has St. John the Baptist as its central prophet.
Sheikh Faroq Khalil, a member of the Yazidi non secular council, mentioned Francis promised him he’d pray for the safety of his persecuted minority.
However some as soon as vibrant communities had already basically vanished from Iraq altogether, together with Abraham’s Jewish descendants, and had been absent from the assembly.
The Rev. Albert Hisham, the coordinator of the papal go to for Iraq’s Catholic Church, mentioned planners had reached out to a few of the dozen Iraqi Jews they might determine however acquired no reply.
There’s a concern amongst many Iraqi Christians, who as lately because the mid-Twentieth century made up about 10 p.c of the inhabitants, that they could face the identical destiny. Between 2003, the yr of the U.S.-led invasion, and 2010, greater than half of Iraq’s Christians left the nation, leaving about 500,000 from a excessive of as presumably many as 1.4 million.
In 2014, the growth of the Islamic State, or ISIS, led to extra persecution and migration, and Christians right this moment represent little multiple p.c of the inhabitants.
As sturdy winds throughout the Ur Plains lifted the pink carpets within the air and blew sand over a small crowd and a number of other empty seats, Francis made an unadulterated cry for peace and concord. In doing so, he realized a dream harbored by John Paul II, who had tried to return right here 20 years in the past and “wept,” Francis has mentioned, when political tensions compelled him to cancel.
Francis argued that “the best blasphemy is to profane” God’s title “by hating our brothers and sisters.”
“Hostility, extremism and violence should not born of a spiritual coronary heart: they’re betrayals of faith,” he added. “We believers can’t be silent when terrorism abuses faith; certainly, we’re referred to as unambiguously to dispel all misunderstandings.”
He referred to himself and the others as “descendants of Abraham and the representatives of various religions,” and mentioned that, like “the nice Patriarch, we have to take concrete steps” towards peace.
Later Saturday, Francis delivered a sermon on the Chaldean Catholic cathedral in Baghdad, invoking comparable themes of widespread good. “Love is our energy,” he informed the crowded congregation, and as he walked out of the cathedral folks chanted, “Viva, viva Papa!”
Cardinal Louis Raphael I Sako referred to as the pope’s go to “a turning level in Christian-Muslim relations.”
In 2019 in Abu Dhabi, Francis signed a joint declaration on human fraternity with Sunni leaders from Al-Azhar College and Mosque in Cairo, one of many main facilities of Sunni Islamic studying. His efforts this time so as to add Shiites to the equation by assembly with Ayatollah Sistani in Shia-majority Iraq upset some Sunni officers.
A senior Iraqi official mentioned the Pope agreed to a short assembly Friday that had not been beforehand scheduled with Mohammed al-Halbousi, the speaker of Iraq’s Parliament and a Sunni Muslim Arab, to assuage the issues of many within the sect that their issues had been being ignored. t. Vatican officers on Saturday night confirmed the assembly happened.
But it surely was the Shiites who had been Francis’ focus Saturday and the thrust of his journey, formally themed “You Are All Brothers.”
“It’s a strategy to discover once more a deep sense of unity that should exist between these three religions and of the collaboration that have to be created between members of those religions,” Cardinal Parolin mentioned.
Najaf is the location of the tomb of Imam Ali, thought-about by Shiite Muslims the rightful successor to the Prophet Muhammad. The shrine was closed to pilgrims for the primary time in years due to the pope’s go to.
The pope walked down an alley barely vast sufficient for his entourage close to the ayatollah’s dwelling. Makeshift electrical energy traces dangled from the homes, some with home windows coated by bent metallic bars. There was no cheering or singing. However in some ways the assembly between Francis and Iraq’s most revered Shiite cleric was one of the important elements of the pontiff’s whirlwind tour of Iraq.
The 2 elders, Ayatollah Sistani, 90 and clad in black robes, and Francis, 84, in his white cassock, every the best spiritual authority amongst their followers and each in stockinged toes — sat throughout from each other on a small desk adorned with a tissue field. Neither was pictured sporting a masks. Francis is vaccinated. Ayatollah Sistani just isn’t. His workplace mentioned he believes vaccination is religiously permitted however he didn’t wish to soar in entrance of others.
The Vatican, in its assertion concerning the assembly, mentioned the pope had thanked the cleric “for talking up — along with the Shiite group — in protection of these most weak and persecuted amid the violence and nice hardships.”
The go to signaled to Shiite Muslim leaders that Christians are to be revered.
Though Ayatollah Sistani is Iranian-born, his pronouncements on Iraq carry nice weight. He has been in a position to set elections in movement, and his withdrawal of help for Iraq’s earlier prime minister, whom he felt was failing the folks, left the prime minister little alternative however to resign.
Ayatollah Sistani’s 2014 spiritual edict urging able-bodied males to affix the safety forces to fight the Islamic State group resulted in a recruiting increase for Shiite militias, many intently tied to Iran. However not like his rival, Iran’s supreme chief, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Ayatollah Sistani believes in a separation between politics and faith — so long as politics doesn’t break Islamic tenets. He’s in some methods an excellent interlocutor for Francis: holy, credible and highly effective. His choices carry weight.
The assembly between the 2 spiritual leaders ran longer than anticipated. A press release launched by Ayatollah Sistani’s workplace mentioned the cleric had harassed that Christian residents should “dwell like all Iraqis in safety and peace and with full constitutional rights.”
Jason Horowitz reported from Ur, Jane Arraf from Erbil.