WASHINGTON — The Russian army buildup on the Ukraine border and in Crimea might present sufficient forces for a restricted army incursion, the C.I.A. director, William J. Burns, informed senators on Wednesday as he and different senior officers outlined a spread of threats dealing with america.
Russia might merely be sending a sign to america or making an attempt to intimidate the Ukrainian authorities, nevertheless it had the skills in place to do extra, Mr. Burns informed the Senate Intelligence Committee.
“That buildup has reached the purpose that it might present the premise for a restricted army incursion, as effectively,” Mr. Burns mentioned. “It’s one thing not solely america however our allies must take very severely.”
Mr. Burns testified alongside Avril D. Haines, the director of nationwide intelligence, and different officers about an array of threats from world powers like Russia and China in addition to challenges which were much less of a spotlight of intelligence companies up to now, together with home extremism and local weather change.
In its annual risk evaluation report, launched Tuesday forward of the listening to, the intelligence group mentioned that China’s push for world energy posed a risk to america by means of its aggression in its area, its enlargement of its surveillance skills and its makes an attempt to dominate technological advances.
Russia has additionally pushed for a sphere of affect that features international locations that have been a part of the Soviet Union, like Ukraine, the report mentioned.
Each China and Russia, nevertheless, wished to keep away from direct confrontation with america, the report mentioned.
Mr. Burns mentioned the Russian actions have prompted inside briefings in addition to consultations with allies. President Biden’s name on Tuesday to President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia was meant to “register very clearly the seriousness of our concern,” Mr. Burns mentioned.
The USA has been monitoring the Russian troops for a while, at the very least since late March. American officers have mentioned privately that the Russians have carried out little to cover their troop buildup, in contrast to in 2014 once they first attacked Ukraine. That has satisfied some, however not all, officers briefed on the intelligence that the Russian actions could also be largely for present.
“They might really be going right into a collection of workouts beginning anytime, or they might, in the event that they selected to, maybe do a restricted goal assault,” mentioned Lt. Gen. Scott D. Berrier, the director of the Protection Intelligence Company. “We don’t know what the intent is, proper now.”
Each Russia and China have been blamed for conducting cyberoperations that compromised broad sections of the software program provide chain. Lawmakers requested Ms. Haines and Gen. Paul M. Nakasone, the director of the Nationwide Safety Company, in regards to the Russian hacking, which penetrated 9 federal companies, and one other by China that compromised Microsoft Trade servers. The Biden administration is predicted to reply to the Russian hacking quickly, most probably with sanctions and different measures.
Ms. Haines mentioned Russia used hackings to sow discord and threaten america and its allies. “Russia is turning into more and more adept at leveraging its technological prowess to develop uneven choices in each the army and cyberspheres with the intention to give itself the power to push again and drive america to accommodate its pursuits,” she mentioned.
Lawmakers additionally raised the problem of a collection of mysterious episodes which have injured diplomats and C.I.A. officers abroad. Some former officers imagine Russia is behind the episodes, which they’ve known as assaults.
Mr. Burns mentioned he was working along with his colleagues to make sure higher medical look after C.I.A. officers. He additionally mentioned he was working to “resolve the query of what brought about these incidents and who might need been accountable.”
Questions on China dominated the sooner Senate affirmation hearings for Ms. Haines and Mr. Burns, and lawmakers once more pressed on Wednesday for assessments on China and its efforts to steal American expertise. Ms. Haines outlined how China makes use of technological may, financial affect and different levers of energy to intimidate its neighbors.
“China is using a complete strategy to display its rising power and compel regional neighbors to acquiesce to Beijing’s preferences,” she informed senators.
The F.B.I. director, Christopher A. Wray, additionally emphasised the risk from China. “We’re opening a brand new investigation into China each 10 hours,” he mentioned of the bureau, “and I can guarantee the committee that’s not as a result of our people don’t have something to do with their time.”
Biden administration officers have mentioned that they need the intelligence companies to take a wider view of nationwide safety threats.
Ms. Haines famous that one other latest intelligence report, on world tendencies, highlighted how the coronavirus pandemic and local weather change, together with technological change, have been testing “the resilience and flexibility” of society. The “looming disequilibrium,” she mentioned, compels intelligence companies to broaden their definition of nationwide safety.
However at the very least one lawmaker, Senator Richard M. Burr, Republican of North Carolina, additionally requested a extra sensible query: What number of intelligence officers have acquired coronavirus vaccines?
Mr. Burns mentioned 80 p.c of the C.I.A. work drive was absolutely vaccinated and one other 10 p.c have had their first shot. He mentioned all C.I.A. officers serving abroad “have the vaccine accessible to them immediately.”
Mr. Wray was unable to provide an estimate of what number of of his brokers had acquired a shot, saying that the vaccination charges various in discipline places of work in several states. Ms. Haines mentioned 86 p.c of her work drive had had at the very least one shot, with a “truthful proportion” being absolutely vaccinated. Common Nakasone additionally had no estimate however mentioned a vaccination heart had been arrange at Fort Meade, Md., the place the Nationwide Safety Company’s headquarters is.
Lawmakers have additionally been urgent intelligence companies to assist look at the issue of home extremism. Senator Mark Warner, Democrat of Virginia and the chairman of the intelligence committee, linked the rise of home extremism to the identical tendencies selling disinformation produced by Russia and others. And he mentioned he wished the intelligence chiefs to stipulate how they might assist present higher warnings of potential violence just like the Jan. 6 assault on the U.S. Capitol.
Social media has helped disinformation from home extremist teams unfold with extra velocity and effectivity than ever earlier than — a lot the identical as Russia and different nations have used it to unfold falsehoods, Mr. Wray mentioned.
“Social media has develop into, in some ways, the important thing amplifier to home violence extremism, simply because it has for malign overseas affect,” he mentioned. “There’s all kinds of stuff on the market on the web that poses as info, which simply isn’t.”
The isolation brought on by the pandemic, Mr. Wray continued, had elevated the general public’s susceptibility.
The intelligence chiefs’ listening to was the primary since early 2019, once they contradicted President Donald J. Trump’s rosier public statements, prompting Mr. Trump to criticize his appointees publicly, telling them to “return to high school.” Mr. Trump’s final director of nationwide intelligence, John Ratcliffe, selected to not launch a risk evaluation or testify earlier than Congress final 12 months.